Dog And Cat Pre Operative Spay Advice

Once you have made an appointment for your pet to be spayed, please offer a small meal at 10pm the night before the procedure and then withhold any further food. Access to the drinking water should be allowed until they are ready to come into the surgery.

Once admitted they will be examined by your vet and given a health check.  If your pet is fit and healthy a premedication injection will be given.  This helps calm the body and prepare her for the general anaesthetic.  The premedication can take 20 – 45 minutes to take effect and they will be slightly sleepy and relaxed.

Once your pet is ready she will then be taken through to the Prep room.  A small area of hair is clipped from her leg, an intravenous catheter is placed and a general anaesthetic is injected into the vein.

An endotracheal tube is then placed into her trachea to maintain a clear airway for us to administer an oxygen/gaseous anaesthetic mix to maintain the correct level of anaesthesia.

Once asleep under anaesthetic she will be prepared for theatre.  Her veterinary nurse monitors her anaesthetic while shaving an area of hair from her abdomen (dogs are shaved on their tummy).  Once the hair has been shaved the area is then cleaned using an antiseptic soap.  Once all the dirt and hair has been removed a surgical spirit/antiseptic preparation is then applied to the operation site. This procedure is carried out to reduce any bacteria on the skin and provide a sterile operation site. All the hair will grow back in time. They are then transferred to theatre.

The nurse will carefully monitor the anaesthetic during the surgery.  Your vet will perform an ovariohysterectomy where the uterus and ovaries are removed.  This is a permanent and irreversible procedure.  Once your vet has completed the surgery the gaseous anaesthetic is switched off and your pet will be maintained on oxygen for a short period of time.

Once the veterinary nurse is happy, we will then disconnect the anaesthetic circuit and transport your pet to the Hospital Ward where the endotracheal tube is removed when ready.  She is placed into a warm kennel and her recovery is carefully monitored by the Hospital nurse (a qualified veterinary nurse). Once she is sitting up and alert, her intravenous catheter is removed and the Hospital nurse will contact you to update you on their progress and arrange a collection time. On discharge a veterinary nurse will explain all the necessary post- operative care.

We will only discharge a patient when we feel they are fully awake and are able to walk. Some pets take longer to fully recover than others and are treated on a case by case situation, so don’t panic if a late time is requested for collection.

The benefits of having your pet spayed:

  • No more seasons – therefore no unwanted male visitors
  • No more smelly / bloody discharge
  • No unwanted puppies/kittens
  • Reduced incidence of mammary tumours
  • No ovarian tumours
  • Will not suffer from a pyometra (infection in the uterus where it fills with pus and can be life threatening)

Neutering Your Female Dog – Spay

What is a bitch spay?

This operation involves removal of the entire uterus (womb) and ovaries via a midline incision into the dog’s abdomen. Your dog will be admitted as a ‘day patient’ and following a pre-operative check by your veterinary surgeon, she will be given a pre-medication and analgesic (pain killing) injection prior to her general anaesthetic. After surgery and following her recovery from the anaesthetic she will be ready to go home later the same day. You will be given full discharge instructions on how best to care for your dog after surgery and she will be checked by your veterinary nurse 3 days later to ensure the wound is healing. If there are any sutures present these will be removed 10 days later. We usually use intradermal (under the skin) sutures for our bitch spays, so there are no skin sutures requiring removal or to aggravate your dog while their wound is healing. Your dog will go home with some pain relief medication for a few days as well as a Buster collar to prevent any interfering with their wound. While the operation is more complicated than castration, it is still a routine procedure and their recovery is usually fairly quick.

What are the advantages?

  • Your dog will not have seasons and therefore cannot become pregnant.
  • Removal of their uterus and ovaries reduces the chances of infection in later life.
  • If your dog is spayed the incidence of mammary (breast) cancer is greatly reduced.
  • False (phantom) pregnancies are stopped.
  • Vaginal polyps (small nodules) are prevented.
  • Mismatings and unwanted puppies are avoided.

Are there any disadvantages?

Any surgical procedure involving general anaesthesia carries a small risk.  As with castration, your dog will be assessed prior to surgery to ensure she is fit and well and full instructions will be given when she goes home to minimise potential problems.

A small proportion of larger breeds can develop urinary incontinence, which may require treatment later in life.

Minor coat changes may be noticeable in certain breeds such as Irish Setters.

It is a common fallacy that a neutered dog will become fat and lazy. They may have a decreased activity level following neutering, which in turn causes weight gain IF your dog continues to be fed the same amount of food as before they were neutered. Neutered pets can require up to a 30% reduction in their feeding requirements. This is due to no longer utilising energy in to reproduction.This extra energy may then be stored as excess body fat instead.  

After your dog is neutered, we recommend moving her onto a neutered dog food. Royal Canin have developed a competitively priced, veterinary exclusive pet food, Royal Canin range. This is high in protein and low in fat to help combat against any weight gain. Your veterinary nurse will be able to advise you on the best feeding regime for your dog.

When to spay?

Bitches can be spayed from six months of age so prior to their first season.  If they have had seasons then ideally three months after the end of their last season i.e. in-between seasons.  The younger she is the greater the benefit from surgery.

Are there any alternatives?

Cinque Ports Vets are pleased to be able to offer our clients the option of keyhole (laparoscopic) surgery for routine bitch spays and other procedures where appropriate.

Keyhole spay involves the introduction of a camera and specialised instruments into the abdomen through two or three small incisions. Many of the traditional surgical procedures such as spaying can be now performed laparoscopically. Traditional surgery involves the removal of the ovaries and uterus (ovariohysterectomy) but laparoscopically generally only the ovaries are removed (ovariectomy).

The tissues are visualised under high magnification and blood vessels are cut and sealed using specialist equipment.

It is well established in human surgery that laparoscopic procedures provides quicker healing time and less post-operative complications than other methods. This is proven also in modern veterinary medicine.

The benefits of laparoscopy for our pets are similar and aim for a faster and more comfortable return to normal activity. One typical example is the young, very active bitch that is not likely to accept easily periods of complete rest from exercise post neutering.

After Keyhole surgery dogs will still need to be kept on the lead but the risk of damaging the surgical wounds (because of the small size) is greatly decreased. Please be aware that we do need to shave a little more fur than with a traditional procedure and Keyhole surgery is a little more expensive due to the cost of the equipment required and the expertise.

Useful links:
www.royalcanin.co.uk